Learn more about Citicoline uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Citicoline. Citicoline is approved in Europe and japan for use in stroke, head trauma and other neurological disorders. It is presently being evaluated in. The therapeutic action of citicoline is thought to be caused by stimulation of PtdCho synthesis in the injured brain, although the experimental evidence for this is.

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A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials”. The brain preferentially uses choline to synthesize acetylcholine.

Citicoline – DrugBank

This can lower levels of hydroxyl radicals produced after an ischemia and prevent cardiolipin from being catabolized by phospholipase A2. The neuroprotective effects exhibited by citicoline may be due to its preservation of cardiolipin and sphingomyelinpreservation of arachidonic acid content of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolaminepartial restoration of phosphatidylcholine levels, and stimulation of glutathione synthesis and glutathione reductase activity.

Studies have shown that citicoline is effective and safe in the treatment of ischemic stroke in the acute and subacute period, and this treatment usually begins within the first 24 hours after stroke onset and lasts for at least 6 weeks. Abstract Citicoline is clticoline drug that exhibits neuroprotective and neuroreparative activity, improves brain wave activity. Int J Mol Sci. Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor modulators.


About The Author A. Email the author Login required. Phosphatidylcholine is a major phospholipid in eukaryotic cell membranes. Citicoline is naturally occurring in the cells of human and animal tissue, in particular the organs.

Citicoline has a very low toxicity profile in animals and humans.


Probably role of citicoline in stroke rehabilitation: User Username Password Remember me. When the availability of choline is low or the need for acetylcholine increases, phospholipids containing choline can be catabolized from neuronal membranes.

Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology. Phosphatidylcholine is synthesized in vivo by two pathways. The Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Close regulation of its biosynthesis, degradation, and distribution is essential to proper cell function. These phospholipids include sphingomyelin and phosphatidylcholine. A review of published clinical trials of citicoline noted that while some studies have demonstrated positive effects of the compound on cognition, other studies have failed to confirm these results and additional clinical trials would be needed to confirm any potential benefits of citicoline.

Retrieved from ” https: Reviews in Neurological Diseases. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Complete Drug Reference [ed.

Citicoline (CDP-choline): mechanisms of action and effects in ischemic brain injury.

Cholinergics Nootropics Nucleotides Quaternary ammonium compounds Choline esters. How to cite item. This limits the amount of choline available to synthesize phosphatidylcholine. Citicoline INNalso known as cytidine diphosphate-choline CDP-Choline or cytidine 5′-diphosphocholine is an intermediate in the generation of phosphatidylcholine from cholinea common biochemical process in cell membranes.


This leads to a reduction in infarction focus volume, mortality and disability rate of patients and, furthermore, increases the probability of complete recovery in 3 months after the stroke.

Citicoline is available as a supplement online and in stores. Article Tools Print this article. Journal of Neuroscience Research. It is sold in over 70 countries under a variety of brand names: Efficacy and safety of oral citicoline in acute ischemic stroke: Minor transient adverse effects are rare and most commonly include stomach pain and diarrhea.

The effect of citicoline on visual function has been studied in patients with glaucoma. This page was last edited on 14 Septemberat British Journal of Pharmacology. Keywords citicoline; ischemic stroke; chronic cerebrovascular disorder; traumatic brain injury. Oral citicoline in acute ischemic stroke: