Aristolochia bracteolata is a perennial, or rarely annual, mostly prostrate but occasionally climbing or suberect, unpleasantly smelling herb growing from 10 – Learn more about Aristolochia uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Aristolochia. Common name: Worm Killer, Dutchman’s Pipe, Bracteated Birth Wort • Bengali: কীরামার Kiramar, Patuvanga • Gujarati: કીરામાર Kiramar • Hindi: कीटमार.

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The MIC of the compound was defined as the lowest concentration that inhibited the visible bacterial growth and the MBC was defined as the lowest concentration that prevented the growth of the organism after subculture onto antibiotic-free plates. It is still extensively used in India and in traditional Chinese medicine for slimming, menstrual symptoms, and rheumatism.

Aristolochia – Wikipedia

The plant also showed promising antiarthritis activity [ bgacteata ]. Amikacin, cefixime, fosfomycin, cefuroxime, cotrimoxazole, aristolochla, and erythromycin resistant strains of Moraxella catarrhalis were isolated and the widespread production of a -1actamase enzyme renders the bacterium resistant to the penicillin [ 7 — 9 ].

Bioassay-guided fractionation of the identified plant may lead to standardized extract or aristolodhia bioactive lead compounds as the new drug [ 11 ].

Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc. The species Aristolochia clematitis was highly regarded as a medicinal plant since the ancient EgyptiansGreeks and Romansand on to until the Early Modern era; it also plays a role in traditional Chinese medicine.

These flowers have a specialized pollination mechanism. Technology Biodiversity in India.

Aristolochia bracteolata

The plants are aromatic and their strong scent [2] attracts insects. This has led to the search for new and effective therapeutic alternatives among natural compounds. These adducts have a preference for adenine bases, and cause A-to-T transversions. Views Read Edit View history. Two weak signals which did not show any correlation with proton in HSQC and HMBC spectroscopy were considered as quaternary carbons at positions bracteaya USA Today April 16, User Group specific search options Title.


Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. Herbal ‘remedy’ may trigger widespread kidney failure. Wikispecies has information related to Aristolochia.

The most active fraction against Bacillus sp. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Advances in Molecular Toxicology Vol. Zhong Hua Ben Cao3—— The n -hexane fraction had moderate activity against S.

The plant was kindly identified and authenticated by the Taxonomist Dr. Aristolochia bracteolata showed a definite positive effect on wound healing, with significant increase in the level of powerful antioxidant enzymes. The resulting solution was dried over magnesium bracetata and filtrated. The vine was soon adopted for creating for arbors “a canopy impenetrable to the rays of the sun, or moderate rain,” as Dr John Sims noted in The Botanical Magazine Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

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Retrieved from ” https: A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Modification of the AA-1 to AA-1 methyl ester completely abolished the antibacterial activity of the compound and the piperonylic acid moiety of AA-1 which suggested that the coexistence of phenanthrene ring and free carboxylic acid is essential for AA-1 antibacterial activity.

Aristolochia bracteolata – Useful Tropical Plants

Journal of Chemical and Beacteata Research. Ina series of end-stage renal disease cases was reported [9] [18] from Belgium associated with a weight loss treatment, where Stephania tetrandra in a herbal preparation was suspected of being substituted with Aristolochia fangchi.

Lepidoptera feeding on pipevines include:. Aristolochia is an important genus in the family of Aristolochiaceae aristolochai is widespread across tropical Asia, Africa, and South America. Send a request for permission. Bracteqta by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Although Aristolochia is being known in many countries that is containing a toxic compound AA, but this has not stopped it from being a popular herbal remedy for thousands of years.


View at Google Scholar M. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Commons category link is on Wikidata Taxonbars with 20—24 taxon IDs. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Aristolochia taxa have also been used as reptile repellents.

Initial steps in new drug discovery involve identification of new chemical entities, which can be either sourced through chemical synthesis or can be isolated from natural products through biological activity guided fractionation.

The whole plant of Aristolochia bracteolata was extracted successively with MeOH and subjected to liquid-liquid fractionation with n -hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and n -butanol. Klebsiella pneumoniaeEscherichia coliSalmonella typhimuriumStreptococcus pyogenesStreptococcus agalactiaeStaphylococcus epidermidisNeisseria lactamicusEnterobacter cloacaeBacillus cereus, Aeromonas hydrophila, Salmonella typhi, Vibrio cholerae, and Yersinia enterocolitica. United States Department of Agriculture.

Materials and Methods 2. Each fraction was concentrated under reduced pressure to a constant weight to give the corresponding n -hexane fraction 0. It is also used in the treatment of tumors and malaria and for fevers [ 14 ], but its usage as an antimalarial is not recommended in its crude form.

Antibacterial activity of crude plant extract and fractions. Although AA-1 had strong activity against M.