The Algonquian is the primary language that the Shawnee individuals use to speak to each other. In the pre-colonial times, they were a semi-migratory nation mainly occupying places of Ohio Valley and extended to other parts. Apart from Ohio Valley, there are other places such as South Carolina, Texas, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Oklahoma, and Kansas that have been confirmed as some of the other tribal territories of the Shawnee tribe. Oklahoma and Missouri were the territories that have a significant number of the Shawnee tribe, and that was so because of the competition of natural resources in the places they were in originally. Competition for natural resources was not the only issue that was facing the Shawnee tribe but there were conflicts as well that led to their search for other new areas. The population of the tribe that was later witnessed after the colonization were not the ones that were previously available because they reduced. One of the reasons of the lessening of the population was the civil war. Ailments like flu, smallpox, and fever also greatly led to the reduction in the population of Shawnee tribe.
There are various sub-nations that make up the Shawnee tribe, and Piqua Shawnee is one of them. The others are Hathawekela, Chillicothe, Kispoko, and Mequachake. Piqua is a term that was as a result of a man that was designated to lead a group. The manifestation of the man was through fire. The way of life of the Shawnee has been upheld for a long time.
Tasks such as fishing, fighting battles and hunting were only for the men. The Shawnee also practiced farming, and that was mainly done by women. The roles of the ladies was to cook, farm and fend for families. A majority of ceremonies that the Shawnee tribe undertook were related to the agricultural cycle. Because migration to various places was a norm to the Shawnee tribe, they got to establish other new contacts with people they found in those areas. When they were in the foreign land, they exchanged goods and services so that they would survive.
The territory that was inhabited after the civil war was Oklahoma. Because Piqua Shawnee is portion of the Shawnee tribe; it represents their heritage and culture. You will not find the Shawnee in one territory but several because of how they move from place to place. There are places that the Shawnee tribe enjoys full support because the authorities in those particular countries have recognized them. The Shawnee tribe is ruled by a tribal council that is composed of the principal chief, clan elders, clan women, and men. The Shawnee tribe are identified to make arts and crafts like pottery, beadwork and wood carving. The Shawnee tribe also designed wampum beads which were traded as currency and also culturally vital as an art material.